The rapidly evolving field of nanomedicine focuses on the design and application of multi-functional nanoparticles for diagnosis and treatment of diseases especially cancer1. Many of these nanomaterials are designed to serve as drug delivery or image contrast agents, or even to generate heat for hyperthermia (i.e. treatment), of cancer. Heating examples include gold nanoparticles (GNPs) for photothermal therapy3, and superparamagnetic nanoparticles for magnetic fluid hyperthermia4.

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