Partial or complete visual impairment, congenital or adventitious, hampers an individual’s visual stimuli perception ability. For reading, the visually impaired primarily rely on Braille, a script read through touch. Its 6-dot and 8-dot configurations have been adapted for use with different languages, making it popular around the globe. However, regular paper, embossed with Braille using manual Braille slates or electronic Braille embossers, loses readability due to damage with each tactile reading. Braille books and other printed materials, usually bulky and expensive, hence go waste after three to five readings. This degrades the state of education and employment and the quality of life in general because reading, a primary necessity, turns expensive, and in some cases, unaffordable.

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