A method to measure the two kinematic axes of the tibiofemoral joint, the flexion-extension (F-E) axis and longitudinal rotation (LR) axis [1], was developed by Gatti [2]. This method used an instrumented spatial linkage (ISL), a series of six instrumented revolute joints that can measure motion between two rigid bodies. While Gatti’s method demonstrated success in locating the F-E and LR axes, defining the axes and their errors using anatomically relevant coordinate systems would improve clinical relevance. While errors due to revolute joint transducer resolution were computed, errors due to nonlinearity and hysteresis in the transducers were not examined, and errors due to different applied tibiofemoral motions were not examined. Thus the objective was to computationally determine, using anatomically relevant coordinate systems, the errors in locating the F-E and LR axes due to nonlinearity and hysteresis in the revolute joint transducers for three different simulations of applied tibiofemoral motion.

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