In biomechanical terms, passive joint laxity is a measure of joint movement within the constraints of ligaments, capsule, and cartilage [1] when an external force is applied to the joint during a state of muscular relaxation. Excessive knee joint laxity (reduced stiffness) can result from soft tissue injury, such as a ligament tear, or from genetic factors such as benign joint hypermobility syndrome, and can predispose the joint to instability including recurrent dislocations, and low-grade inflammatory arthritis [2]. A novel technique for in vivo measurement of 3D knee joint laxity using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with a custom knee loading apparatus (KLA) has been developed in our research group [3]. Gross joint laxity is predicted based on joint displacement in response to an applied anterior tibial load. To better understand the link between laxity and instability, and to advance this technique for clinical applications, the laxity of individual joint structures, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) must be quantified.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.