Bone plays an integral role in movement and organ protection. To accomplish these tasks successfully, bone must not only be able to withstand daily fatigue loading, but also have a safety margin for unexpected high loads. The two major inputs that determine bone structure are genetics and environmental stresses [1]. Excessive stresses on bone are dissipated through the formation of microcracks [1]. When the remodeling dynamics are altered, problems such as trabecular and cortical thinning, and inadequate microcrack repair may occur, ultimately leading to bone failure [1].

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