The traditional approach for evaluating the biomechanics of the spine, both experimentally and computationally, is through a series of planar loading scenarios that are reduced to sagittal (flexion/extension), frontal (lateral bending), and transverse (axial) planes of movement [1]. However, coupled movements occur through daily living activities that place further demands on a spinal device beyond simple planar movements. The objective of this study was to investigate the in vitro biomechanics of the L4-L5 lumbar motion segment unit (MSU) under the coupled loading conditions, and to use the experimental data to validate a high-fidelity non-parametric finite element (FE) model of the L4-L5 lumbar MSU.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.