The lymphatic system has long been thought of as little more than a series of passive ducts as they serve to return fluid and proteins from interstitial spaces back to the blood, provide a route for immune cell trafficking, and transport dietary lipid from the intestine to the blood. Recent evidence has revealed that the lymphatics play an active role in lipid trafficking, and alterations in this function have been correlated with the presence of lymphatic diseases (Dixon, 2010). Here we describe the use of a two-cell, tissue engineered model to explore mechanisms of lipid transport across lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC). Previously this model was demonstrated to recapitulate essential features of the intestinal-lacteal interface with in the mammalian gut (Dixon et al., 2009). With our model we demonstrate, not only that lipid transport across the lymphatics is transcellular and ATP dependent, but also, this mechanism of transport utilizes the molecular motors dynein and kinesin.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.