Skin is a highly anisotropic and heterogeneous material composed of water, proteins, and various cells arranged in several different layers. Because of this complex structure, there is a large mismatch in index of refraction between the tissue constituents, creating a highly scattering medium for near-infrared and visible light. “Tissue optical clearing” methods can improve light transmission through tissues, potentially improving optical imaging techniques and photoirradiative treatments [1]. Dehydration has been suggested as a possible mechanism of optical clearing [2], and previous work has demonstrated mechanical loading as a method of creating reversible localized water displacement in skin using novel tissue optical clearing devices (TOCDs) [3–4]. These TOCDs were hypothesized to increase light transmission by displacing water locally in the tissue, causing local dehydration. A model of the mechanical behavior of skin will enable improvement of current TOCDs that utilize local mechanical compression.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.