The Mitral Valve (MV) is the left atrioventricular valve that controls blood flow between the left atrium and the left ventricle (Fig 1A-B). It has four main components: (i) the mitral annulus — a fibromuscular ring at the base of the left atrium and the ventricle; (ii) two collagenous planar leaflets — anterior and posterior; (iii) web of chordae and (iv) two papillary muscles (PM) that are part of the left ventricle (LV). Normal function of the mitral valve involves a delicate force balance between different components of the valve.
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Biomechanics of the Mitral Valve in Ischemic Heart Disease: Translating From the Bench to the Operating Room
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Padala, M, & Yoganathan, AP. "Biomechanics of the Mitral Valve in Ischemic Heart Disease: Translating From the Bench to the Operating Room." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Naples, Florida, USA. June 16–19, 2010. pp. 635-636. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2010-19422
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