The glenohumeral joint is frequently dislocated in the anterior direction causing injury to the anteroinferior (axillary pouch, anterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (AB-IGHL)) capsule. [1, 2] When unloaded, the axillary pouch consists of randomly oriented collagen fibers. These fibers play a pertinent role in its function to resist loading in multiple directions during dislocation at the extreme ranges of motion. [3] Maximum principle strain directions in the anteroinferior capsule have been shown to align with the AB-IGHL during increasing external rotation, suggesting that the collagen fibers may become more aligned with loading as well. [4] In addition, at positions of increased external rotation, the peak maximum principle strains in the capsule correspond to the location of a common capsular failure known as the Bankart lesion. [4] Further, an increase in collagen fiber alignment with load in the supraspinatus tendon has been shown in the toe region of the load-elongation curve. [5] Therefore, it was hypothesized that increases in the collagen fiber alignment and maximum principle strain would correlate with the location of tissue failure. The objective of this work was to determine the collagen fiber alignment and maximum principle strain in the axillary pouch during uniaxial extension to failure and to determine if these parameters could predict the location of tissue failure.

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