The surgical goal in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is to obtain neutral mechanical alignment within three degrees [4]. This has been considered necessary to achieve optimal function, produce balanced medial and lateral loading distributions, and prolong implant longevity [7]. Under static loading, tibial-femoral alignment angle deviations of 3° have been shown to greatly alter the distribution of pressure and load between the medial and lateral tibial plateaus [13]. However, other studies have challenged the practice that coronal tibiofemoral alignment improves implant longevity [9,10]. These studies did not show a statistical difference in the number of revision surgeries between well aligned knees and mechanical alignment outliers (varus/valgus knees). While it has been suggested that accurate alignment allows for improved joint kinematics and improved outcomes in TKA patients [6], no studies have evaluated the effect of tibial-femoral alignment on tibial plateau loading distribution during gait in the TKA population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess tibial plateau loading following TKA.

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