Epidemiologic reports indicate that over 5 million nonfatal accidents occur annually, with painful injuries being the most common type of injury . The cervical facet joint and its capsule are a common source of pain in these injuries . Biomechanical tolerances of the cervical spine in compression, cervical motion segments in tension, and isolated spinal ligaments have all been reported to vary with age [3, 4]. Although microstructural damage has been shown to occur in the facet capsular ligament well-before the gross failure of that tissue and also has been speculated to relate to painful damage in that ligament , there is currently no study investigating ligament damage during tensile loading as function of age.
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Force at Damage and Failure Decreases With Age in the Human Cadaveric Facet Capsular Ligament During Tension
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Craig, KM, Quinn, KP, & Winkelstein, BA. "Force at Damage and Failure Decreases With Age in the Human Cadaveric Facet Capsular Ligament During Tension." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Lake Tahoe, California, USA. June 17–21, 2009. pp. 749-750. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2009-206135
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