Mechanical properties, functional capabilities, and internal structure have all been investigated in tendons. The patellar tendon, specifically, is commonly used for replacing damaged or torn anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL). Many areas of engineering and research seek to determine aspects of biological tissues that can be modeled and mimicked in making artificial constructs. A proper and adequate understanding of the macro and micro-composition and structure-property relationship is essential to computational modeling of the tissue. The behavior of the tendon as a whole is dependent on the mechanics of the individual sublevels of hierarchy in combination.

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