Early studies of cranial kinematics were primarily limited to sagittal plane assessments of motion secondary to impact in volunteers, models, anthropometric dummies and human specimens . With advances in instrumentation and imaging technology, more relevant studies of three dimensional (3-D) motion began to emerge. More complex 3-D head kinematics were first quantified with arrays of precisely positioned multi-axis accelerometers . This evolution in quantitative ability has continued to the present time with the application of high speed motion capture systems and more sophisticated mathematical models.
Volume Subject Area:Poster Session I: Injury
Topics:Accelerometers, Imaging, Instrumentation, Kinematics, Simulation
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