Assessing atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability based on limited in vivo patient data has been a major challenge in cardiovascular research and clinical practice. Considerable advances in medical imaging technology have been made in recent years to identify vulnerable atherosclerotic carotid plaques in vivo with information about plaque components including lipid-rich necrotic pools, calcification, intraplaque hemorrhage, loose matrix, thrombosis, and ulcers, subject to resolution limitations of current technology [1]. Image-based computational models have also been developed which combine mechanical analysis with image technology aiming for more accurate assessment of plaque vulnerability and better diagnostic and treatment decisions [2]. However, 3D models with fluid-structure interactions (FSI), cyclic bending and anisotropic properties based on in vivo IVUS images for human coronary atherosclerotic plaques are lacking in the current literature. In this paper, we introduce 3D FSI models based on in vivo IVUS images to perform mechanical analysis for human coronary plaques. Cyclic bending is included to represent deformation caused by cardiac motion. An anisotropic material model was used for the vessel so that the models would be more realistic for more accurate computational flow and stress/strain predictions.

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