Due to advances and routine use of various diagnostic technologies, tumors are increasingly detected at very early stages. Thus, there is growing interest in employing minimally invasive surgical techniques for the management of tumors. Many of these procedures are thermal therapies, in which localized thermal lesions, either hyperthermic or cryogenic, are created to destroy malignant tissue in situ. However, the major drawback to the widespread dissemination and acceptance of thermal therapy is the lack of a reliable real-time intraoperative monitoring technique of the thermal lesion.

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