Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC), endothelial cells (EC), and fibroblasts exist in a dynamic mechanical environment and can sense and respond to mechanical stimuli in vivo (McKnight and Frangos [1]). It is becoming more and more clear that complex dynamics not only influences vascular tone but also SMC proliferation (see Dancu et al. [2]) and extracellular matrix turnover (Cummins et al. [3]) by stimulating cell activity.

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