The mechanics and physiological processes that produce human locomotion are most commonly measured using non-invasive techniques that limit potential risks to subjects or patients. The complex mechanics of the foot and ankle during dynamic events often cannot be determined from information provided by these techniques and a deeper understanding is necessary to more effectively diagnose and treat pathologic conditions. This has prompted many researchers to turn to alternative techniques, in most cases either numerical simulation employing computational models or physical laboratory models that load or re-animate cadaver limbs procured from conscientious donors.

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