Accurate model parameter value and motion determination is important for obtaining reliable results from inverse dynamics analyses of gait. If the model parameters do not properly match their true values, the predicted motions and loads may lose their clinical significance [1]. Typical approaches to biomechanical model parameter estimation have included the use of scaling rules based on cadaver studies [2] and the use of multi-level optimization routines [3,4]. However, scaling rules do not provide optimal parameter estimates, and multi-level optimization techniques are computationally expensive.

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