The organized movement of cells is critical during tissue morphogenesis and wound healing. While different tissue cells use distinct mechanisms for migration, the underlying biophysical balance of adhesive and tractional forces for effective migration is similar. The extracellular matrix provides the structural framework through which a cell can migrate. In particular, collagen is an abundant and ubiquitous ECM protein that supports cell migration. The excellent biocompatibility and physiological relevance of collagen have made it a primary material for tissue engineered regenerative therapies and in vitro studies with tissue equivalents.

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