A ventricular assist device (VAD) effectively relieves the workload from a native heart, which has been weakened by disease, and increases blood flow supplied to the body to maintain normal physiologic function. The device must be able to operate over a wide range of conditions. Designed to operate at a single, best-efficiency operating point, it must frequently perform at off-design conditions due to a fluctuating flow rate demanded by the human body and a time varying flow within the pump, due to the beating of the native heart. The design and optimization of a blood pump is a challenging and complex process. Pump design equations are used to estimate the initial dimensions of the pump regions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses are then performed to optimize the blood flow path according to specific design criteria under steady flow conditions [1].

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