Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have been shown excellent field emission emitters due to their unique properties. CNTs are a stable form of carbon; a graphite sheet rolls up forming a cylindrical shape with high aspect ratio, low turn-on field, high current density, high strength (1) and can generate quality x-ray radiation (2). These properties make carbon nanotubes very attractive for field emission applications. Field emission cathodes are the central part of field emission displays (FED) and carbon nanotubes field emission x-ray source. FED is a new flat panel display technology; this technology enables much thinner, lighter, and highest resolution displays than the cathode ray tubes (CRT). CNTs field emission x-ray source technology has applications in medical imaging and homeland security (2–7). The current thermionic cathodes have several disadvantages over CNT based field emission x-ray source such as slow response time, high power consumption, high operation temperature that reduces the lifetime of the x-ray tube (4) and large device size (3). Also CNT based field emission x-ray source offers improvement in high temporal resolution and capabilities for spatial and temporal modulation (7). CNT field emission x-ray source technology is available in single- and multi-beam imaging system. Multi-beam imaging system offers image of an object from multiple projection angles without mechanical motion (7).

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