According to National Hospital Discharge Survey 2003, approximately 217,000 and 402,000 patients in the U.S. underwent Total Hip Replacement (THR) and Total Knee Replacement (TKR) operations, respectively and $24.7 billion dollars were spent in hospitalization related to these replacement surgeries. In addition, there were 36,000 revision hip replacements and 33,000 revision knee replacements. To decrease the revision surgeries and increase the performance of the implants, many researchers have provided new techniques for better implant fixation and mechanisms of debonding around implants. With respect to fixation, performance of cemented prosthesis is reported to be better than those of cementless ones. Moreover, surgery with cemented implants has been among the most popular and widely performed.
Interaction Between Bone Cement Cracking and Non-Slip Implant Interfaces
Park, PG, & Sudak, LJ. "Interaction Between Bone Cement Cracking and Non-Slip Implant Interfaces." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Keystone, Colorado, USA. June 20–24, 2007. pp. 325-326. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2007-175920
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