Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is currently the only commercially available clinical imaging modality providing real-time high-resolution cross-sectional images of human coronary arteries in patients. New techniques and models are being developed to derive pertinent information from IVUS images about atherosclerotic tissues properties. Their evaluation and optimization often require the use of realistic test phantoms that can be made precisely, with a known, and generally simpler, structure that is used as reference and allows for a simplification of the problem.

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