Wheel lateral profile has considerable effects on the wheel/rail dynamic interactions such as the shape and size of the contact area, instantaneous rolling radius and contact forces. Theses themselves have indirectly important roles on the rolling contact fatigue (RCF) which is known to be the main reason for large portion of rail maintenance costs. In this study the wheel/rail dynamic interaction of an Iranian railway passenger wagon under three different wheel profiles are investigated using ADAMS\Rail commercial simulation software. The dynamic simulation results regarding contact load and contact features of the wheel and rail are used for fatigue analysis to calculate RCF damage to the rail using reliable damage criteria reported in the literature. The two major parameters having serious roles on the RCF are believed to be the contact stress and the tangential force at the contact patch. These parameters are obtained from vehicle dynamic simulation studies. This paper describes and compares the effects of three different wheel profiles known as S1002, P8 and IR1002 on the rail RCF in both the curved and tangent sections of a track. The primary results clearly identify the effects of wheel profile on the RCF.

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