The operating dynamic clearance envelope has historically been a sum of estimated dimensional tolerances, sometimes even called “black magic” . These tolerances exist by design within the car and the track, as well as between the wheel flanges and the rail gage face. Field observations of operating clearance have augmented these estimates. Recently a review of such expectations was desired as related to wide and/or tall payloads, with particular respect to train speed and track roughness. This project reexamines the factors affecting car body envelopes, including track curvature and elevation, and car parameters such as length, center of gravity (CG), and side bearing type. A particular goal of this study was to gain a rough understanding of the behavior expected relative to wide loads in the speed range of 30–50 mph. Both static analyses and dynamic negotiation of typical revenue track have been predicted. The NUCARS® multibody simulation software has been used to examine the influence of operating speed and FRA track class on the dynamic envelope. A summary of results is presented along with a discussion of general guidelines and additional considerations.
- Rail Transportation Division
Numerical Simulation of Freight Railcar Dynamic Clearance Envelopes
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Shust, W, & Pasta, C. "Numerical Simulation of Freight Railcar Dynamic Clearance Envelopes." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Rail Transportation Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2008 Rail Transportation Division Fall Technical Conference. Chicago, Illinois, USA. September 24–25, 2008. pp. 127-132. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/RTDF2008-74025
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