The Project INDEPTH (Development of INnovative DEvices for Seismic Protection of PeTrocHemical Facilities), supported by the European Commission, has the objective of developing and applying innovative seismic isolation and/or dissipation devices for critical structures at petrochemical facilities. In the framework of INDEPTH, integrated seismic protection systems have been conceived, developed and tested. They are aimed at protecting liquid-filled structures (product storage, spherical and LNG tanks), with new devices (fiber-reinforced isolators, buckling reinforced braces) specific for each application and new flexible piping couplings, to compensate the displacements resulting from the use of isolation systems. The research program has been focused on the selection of critical structures, the design and manufacturing of the devices, the numerical assessment and the experimental validation through shaking table tests. A quantification of technical/economical/safety benefits with respect to the conventional state-of-the-art measures presently adopted and potential application to retrofitting has been performed. Validation through shaking table tests of the effectiveness of the isolation systems on the spherical mock-up (Figure 1), and the related piping system equipped with flexible joints (Figure 2), had been performed. Two types of seismic input have been applied, both synthesized from the 5% damping spectra of EC8 (medium and soft soils); the target peak acceleration value of the time histories was 0.4 g. Different configurations of the mock-up have been tested, such as: fixed base, isolated base with High Damping Rubber Bearings, Fiber Reinforced Rubber Bearings and Lead Rubber Bearings. Furthermore, each configuration has been tested for both time histories and at three different level of filling to verify the sloshing behavior in the sphere and the effectiveness of the isolation systems at levels of filling different from the design one (full sphere). Comparison among all the above mentioned conditions could be done. The presentation will show the main results of the shaking table campaign.

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