Abstract

The study of the enhanced creep strength of conventional ferritic-martensitic (F/M) grade 91 steel by a thermomechanical treatment (TMT) to increase the precipitation of MX particles in the matrix was performed.

Creep properties were evaluated by tests at constant load at temperatures that varied from 600 °C to 700 °C with different levels of stress for both steels: T91 and T91-TMT. The creep curves and main parameters for both steels in the different conditions were analysed.

Results show a great improvement of creep strength of the T91 after the thermomechanical treatment in comparison with the conventional steel. T91-TMT presents a rupture life significantly higher than T91 and a decrease of the values of the minimum creep rate.

An increase of the density of MX precipitates in the matrix of the T91-TMT due to the thermomechanical treatment in comparison with T91 can be also observed.

A change in the fractography was also detected. T91-TMT specimens showed signs of brittle fracture instead of the ductile fracture, with the common necking effect detected in the T91.

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