In order to develop new design fatigue curves for carbon steels & low alloy steels and austenitic stainless steels and a new design fatigue evaluation method that are rational and have clear design basis, Design Fatigue Curve (DFC) Phase 1 subcommittee and Phase 2 subcommittee were established in the Atomic Energy Research Committee in the Japan Welding Engineering Society. The study on design fatigue curves was actively performed in the subcommittees.
In the subcommittees, domestic and foreign fatigue data of small test specimens in air were collected and a comprehensive fatigue database was constructed. Using this fatigue database, the accurate best-fit curves of carbon steels & low alloy steels and austenitic stainless steels were developed by applying tensile strength to a parameter of the curve.
Regarding design factors on design fatigue curves, data scatter, mean stress correction, surface finishing effect, size effect and variable loading effect were investigated and each design factor was decided to be individually considered on the design fatigue curves.
A Japanese utility project performed large scale fatigue tests using austenitic stainless steel piping and low-alloy-steel flat plates as well as fatigue tests using small specimens to obtain not only basic data but also fatigue data of mean stress effect and surface finishing effect. Those test results were provided to the subcommittee and utilized the above studies.
In the last PVP Conference, the large scale fatigue tests using austenitic stainless steel piping were discussed for the best-fit curve of austenitic stainless steel (PVP2018-84436).
In this paper, further studies are performed based on fatigue crack growth of the large scale fatigue tests using austenitic stainless steel piping. From the obtained crack growth data of the tested piping, the number of cycles at 3-mm-deep crack depth and through-wall crack of piping compares with the best-fit curve developed by the DFC1 subcommittee with considering the confidence lower bounds to survey the fatigue life of piping, and size effect for fatigue lives is discussed. The relations between the fatigue crack growths and the number of cycles and the aspect ratios are surveyed including mean stress effect.