Abstract

The Nuclear Power Plant KKG in Gösgen, Switzerland was designed according to the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The ASME BPVC, Section III, Appendix 11 regulates the flange calculation for class 2 and 3 components, it is also used for class 1 flanges. A standard for the determination of the required gasket characteristics is not well established which leads to a lack of clarity. As a hint different y and m values for different kinds of gasket are invented in ASME BPVC Section III [1].

The KTA 3201.2[2] and KTA 3211.2[3] regulate the calculation of bolted flanged joints in German nuclear power plants. The gasket characteristics required for these calculation methods are based on DIN 28090-1[4], they can be determined experimentally. In Europe, the calculation code EN 1591-1 [5] and the gasket characteristics according to EN 13555[6] are used for flange calculations. Because these calculation algorithms provide not only a stress analysis but also a tightness proof, it would be preferable to use them also in the NPP’s in Switzerland. Additionally, for regulatory approval also the requirements of the ASME BPVC must be fullfilled.

For determining the bolting up torque moment of flanges several tables for different nominal diameters of flanges using different gaskets and different combinations of bolt and flange material were established. As leading criteria for an allowable state, the gasket surface pressure, the allowable elastic stress of the bolts and the strain in the flange should be a good and conservative basis for determining allowable torque moments. The herein established tables show only a small part according to a previous paper [7] where different calculation methods for determining bolting up moments were compared to each other.

In this paper the bolting-up torque moments determined with the European standard EN 1591-1 for the flange, are assessed on the strain-based acceptance criteria in ASME BPVC, Section III, Appendices EE and FF. The assessment of the torque moment of the bolts remains elastically which should lead to a more conservative insight of the behavior of the flanges.

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