ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC), Section VIII, Division 2, Part 5 Method B fatigue screening is intended to be a quick and simple method that is sufficiently conservative to screen components in cyclic service thus not requiring detailed fatigue analysis. The method assesses pressure, thermal, and mechanical loads separately. The basis for each portion of the method is discussed along with an alternative bases for the assessments. Each assessment is reformulated as a fatigue damage factor and all variables are provided so that the intent of each equation is clearly identifiable. A penalty factor will be included in each equation rather than assuming one penalty for all designs, the reformulation creates penalty for non-fatigue resistant designs and reduces the penalty for fatigue resistant designs. Examples are given showing the potentially non-conservative results if a summed damage is not used.