Recently high grade pipeline project have been planned in hostile environment like landslide in mountain area, liquefaction in reclaimed land or the frost heave in Polar Regions. Geohazards bring large scale ground deformation and effect on the varied pipeline to cause large deformation. Therefore, strain capacity is important for the pipeline and strain based design is also needed to keep gas transportation project in safe. High grade steel pipe for linepipe tends to have higher yield to tensile (Y/T) ratio and it has been investigated that the lower Y/T ratio of the material improves strain capacity in buckling and tensile limit state. In onshore pipeline project, pipe usually transported in 12 or 18m each and jointed in the field. Girth weld (GW) is indispensable so strength matching of girth weld towards pipe body is important.
In this study strain capacity of Grade X70 high strain pipe with size of 36” OD and 23mm WT was investigated with two types of experiments. One was a pipe bending test with whole pipe. The length of the specimen was approximately 8m and GW was made in the middle of joint length. A fixed internal pressure was applied during the bending test. Actual pipe situation in work was simulated and both circumferential and longitudinal stress occurred in this test.
The other test was curved wide plate (CWP) test. In both tests, test pipes were cut and welded using GTAW in the first two layers and GMAW for the subsequent passes. Welding wire of TG-S62 and MG-S58P were used for GTAW and GMAW respectively to achieve over-matching girth weld considering the pipe body strength. Elliptical EDM notch was installed in the GW HAZ as simulated weld defect.
In pipe bending test, buckling occurred at the intrados at 300 mm apart from the GW. 2D average compressive strain at buckling was 3.59% and this high compressive strain was considered to derive from the high strain capacity of this pipes. After the buckling, deformation concentrated to the buckling wrinkle. Test pipe broke at 35.5 degrees of pipe end rotation and the location was in base metal at the extrados opposite to the buckling wrinkle. The HAZ notch opened and CTOD was 1.44 mm and the global strain in 2D length average strain was 7.8%.
In CWP test, tensile strain simply got large and pipe finally broke at global strain of 9.6% and CTOD of 15 mm. The break location was the HAZ notch. There was a significant difference in CTOD growth in HAZ between two test types. Conditions and factors that effect to these differences are argued in this paper.