Hydrogen pick-up in zirconium alloys can lead to their structural failure, which is an important problem in the nuclear industry. This investigation focuses on modelling the accumulation of hydrogen in the vicinity of loaded V-notches in four-point bend Zircaloy-4 specimens. In order to account for the anisotropic diffusivity of hydrogen in hexagonal close-packed α-zirconium, a multiscale methodology is proposed to compute notch-tip hydrogen profiles. This methodology unifies continuum scale stress analysis, using the finite element approach, and atomistic scale stress analysis, using the elastic dipole tensor of point defects. The steady state notch-tip hydrogen profiles are determined for different notch geometries and crystal orientations. It was found that hydrogen enhancement is greater but more localised for sharper notches with a smaller flank angles, which is the expected effect of stress. It was also found that hydrogen enhancement is greater if the notch opening plane coincides with the prism plane as opposed to the basal plane. This anisotropic effect is a consequence of the trigonal symmetry of the hydrogen interstitialcy.
Multiscale Stress-Diffusion Analysis of Notch-Tip Hydrogen Profiles in Zircaloy-4
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El Chamaa, S, Patel, M, Wenman, MR, & Davies, CM. "Multiscale Stress-Diffusion Analysis of Notch-Tip Hydrogen Profiles in Zircaloy-4." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication. Prague, Czech Republic. July 15–20, 2018. V06BT06A013. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84555
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