The study deals with a 3D Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) numerical model of a rectangular cantilevered flexible hydrofoil subjected to a turbulent fluid flow regime. The structural response and dynamic deformations are studied by analyzing the oscillations frequencies and amplitudes, under a hydrodynamics loads. The obtained numerical results are confronted with experimental ones, for validation. The numerical model is performed in the same geometric, physical and material conditions as the experimental set-up carried out in a hydrodynamic tunnel.

A polyacetal (POM) flexible hydrofoil NACA0015 with an angle of attack of 8° is considered to be immersed in a fluid flow at a Reynold number of 3 × 105. The structure is initially at rest and then moved by the action of the fluid flow. The numerical model is based on a strong coupling procedure for solving the Fluid-Structure Interaction problem. The Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations is used and an anisotropic diffusion equation is solved to compute the fluid mesh velocity and position at each time step. The finite volume method is used for the numerical resolution of the fluid dynamics equations. The structure deformations are described by the linear elasticity equation which is solved by the finite elements method. The Fluid-Structure coupled problem is solved by using the partitioned FSI implicit algorithm.

A good agreement between numerical and experimental results for the hydrodynamics coefficients and hydrofoil deformations, maximum deflection and frequencies is obtained. The added mass and damping are analyzed and then the FSI effect on the dynamic deformations of the structure is highlighted.

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