In order to develop new design fatigue curves for austenitic carbon steels & low alloy steels and stainless steels and a new design fatigue evaluation method that are rational and have clear design basis, Design Fatigue Curve (DFC) Phase 1 subcommittee and Phase 2 subcommittee were established in the Atomic Energy Research Committee in the Japan Welding Engineering Society. The study on design fatigue curves was actively performed in the subcommittees.
In the subcommittees, domestic and foreign fatigue data of small test specimens in air were collected and a comprehensive fatigue database was constructed. Using this fatigue database, the accurate best-fit curves of austenitic carbon steels & low alloy steels and stainless steels were developed by applying tensile strength to a parameter of the curve.
Regarding design factors on design fatigue curves, data scatter, mean stress correction, surface finishing effect, size effect and variable loading effect were investigated and each design factor was decided to be individually considered on the design fatigue curves.
A Japanese utility project performed large scale fatigue tests using austenitic stainless steel piping and carbon and low-alloy steel flat plates as well as fatigue tests using small specimens to obtain not only basic data but also fatigue data of mean stress effect and surface finishing effect. Those test results were provided to the subcommittee and utilized the above studies.
In this paper, the large scale fatigue tests using austenitic stainless steel piping and the best-fit curve of austenitic stainless steel are discussed.