Based on the precedent design fatigue curves and recent fatigue data obtained from materials with different mechanical properties, new design fatigue curves with high general versatility in air have been developed by The Japan Welding Engineering Society (JWES). Structural materials with different tensile strength are utilized in fatigue tests to verify the validity of these design fatigue curves and discuss the mean stress effect. The materials employed in this study are austenitic stainless steel (SS) SUS316LTP, carbon steel (CS) STPT370, low-alloy steels (LASs) SQV2A and SCM435H, all of which are used in the structural components of nuclear power plants of Japan. The best-fit curves (BFCs) are formulated by using the parameter of tensile strength to describe the relationship between strain (stress) amplitude and fatigue life [1]. The results of fully reversed axial fatigue tests conducted with small-scale test specimens of those materials in air at ambient temperature show good agreement with the developed BFCs. The results of fatigue tests also indicate that the mean stress effect is remarkable in materials with higher tensile strength. The applicability of Modified Goodman and Smith-Watson-Topper (SWT) approaches to the design fatigue curves is compared and discussed when considering mean stress effect. The correction of mean stress effect with SWT approach shows a good agreement with the developed BFCs.

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