Post weld heat treatment (PWHT) is often applied to welded pressure vessels and piping to increase the mechanical and metallurgical properties. During the PWHT, a pressure component made of a carbon steel to which PWHT is applied, is heated up to the temperature around 620 deg.C with +/− 25 deg.C tolerances and that elevated temperature is kept for 1 to 2 hours. The local PWHT of the vertical pressure vessel is sometimes planned at a construction site with vertical position, because of some restrictions relating to construction, such as limited access route to the vessel location, and limited space large capacity cranes. In the situation, it is important to assure the structural stability during PWHT. Except wind loads, it is considered that the stress applied in the shell during PWHT is usually not significant, however there have been no published strength criteria corresponds to the PWHT conditions.
In this paper, the new elevated temperature tensile tests and constant stress creep strain tests of A516-Gr.70, a typical carbon steel material for pressure vessels, are conducted. Several examples of the numerical analysis using isochronous stress strain curve considering creep effect are presented.
From the test result, the importance of the consideration of the creep deformation on the structural integrity assessment of PWHT operation is clarified.