This paper outlines how, under certain scenarios, gaskets may catastrophically blow out of pressure boundary bolted joints. Supporting the observations on industry occurrences of such failures, attempts were made to re-create one of the failure modes in a test set-up. The tests managed to highlight critical factors for blow out of Corrugated Metal with Covering Layer (CMCL) gaskets. A summary of the known industry experience with gasket blow out and the CMCL test results are included in the body of this paper. Conclusions and recommendations for considering these failure modes in both pressure boundary bolted joint design and also risk assessment are made.
Gasket Catastrophic Failure Modes
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Brown, W, & Knight, N. "Gasket Catastrophic Failure Modes." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 3A: Design and Analysis. Prague, Czech Republic. July 15–20, 2018. V03AT03A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-85002
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