Change in the fatigue life due to application of the mean strain was investigated for Type 316 stainless steel in simulated pressurized water rector (PWR) primary water environment. The tests were conducted by controlling the strain range to 1.2% for different strain rates of 0.4, 0.004, or 0.001%/s. The applied mean strain was 15% in nominal strain. In addition, cold worked specimens were also subjected to the tests without applying the mean strain. The tests using the cold worked specimens were regarded as the tests with the mean strain without increase in surface roughness due to application of plastic deformation. By inducing the cold working at low temperature, the effect of martensitic phase on the fatigue life was also examined. It was shown that the fatigue life of the stainless steel was reduced in the PWR water environment and the degree of the fatigue life reduction was consistent with the prediction model prescribed in the code issued by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) and NUREG/CR-6909. Increases in peak stress and stress range due to cold working did not cause any apparent influence on the fatigue life. It was also shown that the 10.5 wt% martensitic phase induced by the low temperature cold working and the increase in the surface roughness caused by application of 15% mean strain did not bring about further fatigue life reduction. It was concluded that the effects of the mean strain, cold working, and martensitic phase were minor on the fatigue life in the PWR water environment. The current JSME and NUREG/CR-6909 models were applicable for predicting the reduction in fatigue due to the PWR water environment even if the mean strain or cold working was applied.

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