Natural gas transmission pipeline is prone to internal corrosion due to the combination of corrosive impurities in the pipe (such as CO2, H2S and chlorides) and applied pressure of the pipeline, which seriously affects the safe operation of the pipeline. In this work, the corrosion behavior of a typical X70 pipeline steel was investigated by using potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impendence spectroscopy (EIS). The polarization and EIS data under different CO2 partial pressures (0–1 atm), H2S concentrations (0–150 ppm), chloride concentrations (0–3.5 wt%) and tensile stress (0–400 MPa) were obtained. The results show that corrosion rate increases with the increase of CO2 partial pressure and chloride concentration, respectively, while first increases and then decreases with the increase H2S concentrations. The corrosion rate is less affected by elastic tensile stress. In addition, a quantitative prediction model for corrosion rate of natural gas pipeline based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was established by fitting the experimental data which maps the relationship between the key influencing factors (i.e. CO2 partial pressure, H2S concentration, chloride concentration and tensile stress) and the corrosion rate. The prediction results show that the relative percentage errors of the predicted and experimental values are relatively small. The prediction accuracy of the model satisfies the engineering application requirement.
Corrosion Behavior of X70 Pipeline Steel and Corrosion Rate Prediction Under the Combination of Corrosive Medium and Applied Pressure
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Li, K, Wu, W, Cheng, G, Li, Y, Hu, H, & Zhang, H. "Corrosion Behavior of X70 Pipeline Steel and Corrosion Rate Prediction Under the Combination of Corrosive Medium and Applied Pressure." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 1B: Codes and Standards. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 16–20, 2017. V01BT01A036. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2017-65651
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