Ferritic steel 2 ¼ Cr is a candidate material for future pressure component in nuclear fields. In order to validate this choice, it is necessary, firstly to verify that it is able to withstand the planned environmental and operating conditions, and secondly to check if it is covered by the existing design codes, concerning its procurement, fabrication, welding, examination methods and mechanical design rules. A large R&D program on 2 ¼ Cr steel has been undertaken at CEA and Areva in order to characterize the behavior of this material and of its welded junctions.

In this frame, a new measurement system for tensile testing was developed in the LISN laboratory of the CEA (French atomic commission), in order to characterize the local behavior of the material during a whole tensile testing. Indeed, with the conventional measurement system (typically an extensometer), the local behavior of the material can only be determinate during the stable step of the testing. So, usually the behavior of the material during the necking step of the step is unknown.

This new measurement is based on the use of some laser micrometers which allow measuring the minimum diameter of the specimen and the curvature radius during the necking phase with a great precision. Thanks to the Bridgman formula, we can evaluate the local behavior of the material until the failure of the specimen.

This new system was used to characterize the tensile propriety of a bimetallic welded junction of 2 ¼ Cr steel and austenitic stainless steel 316L(N) realized with inconel filler metal.

These works lead to propose a tensile curve for each materials of the welded junction at room temperature and the effect of postweld heat treatment.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.