This analysis has established a new hybrid RF/UT system for non-destructive testing of pipe walls for pipe wall thinning (PWT) in order to predict location, and enable measurement of the depth of defect by combining the group velocity method and calibration condition. A simulation of microwave (MW) behavior in a 91% brass waveguide (762mm pipe, Young’s Modulus 102KN/mm2) was developed using Computer Simulation Technology (CST). The model included a frequency band of 1.283GHz for the TMnm mode (TM01 and TM21), with a sweeping frequency from 0.70GHZ to 2.00GHz. The model includes 14 instances of full-circumferential PWT, regularly spaced along the length of the waveguide with step-width of 50.8mm on center. For each we have modeled four cases of increasing PWT (5.08mm, 10.16mm, 15.24mm and 20.32mm). Considering the measurement with MW as a prediction of the location of the PWT, rather than a measurement, we can guide a straight-beam UT probe to the position predicted by MW, and use the appropriate signal velocity ultrasound to accurately measure the depth to defect from the outer surface of the pipe. The straight beam UT is found to be no better at determining the geometry of the defect than MW, but the accurate depth to defect (DDO) measurement would allow estimation of the volume of the PWT.

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