The sealing performance of packed stuffing boxes used in valves and compressors depends on the ability of the structure to maintain a minimum threshold contact pressure through a sufficient period of time. Packing rings exhibit combined creep and relaxation behavior due to internal disordered porous structure and nonlinear material behavior in addition to the interaction with other structural components. A comprehensive understanding of the time-dependent behavior of packing rings is essential for increasing the sealing performance. In this paper, the time-dependent linear viscoelastic behavior of packing material is constitutively simulated. The experimental investigation is carried out in a special test bench which was designed and developed to study the characteristics of the time-dependent behavior of packing rings. The results show that the proposed model can successfully be exploited to determine the time-dependent behavior of packing rings for application in the design of packed stuffing boxes.

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