Previous research has shown that stainless steel (SS) adhesions form in about half of new SS trim spring operated pressure relief valves (SOPRV). These adhesions require an additional force (beyond the spring force) to be applied by the process fluid to the disc in order for the valve to lift. This additional force may cause the SOPRV to fail its proof test (FPT) or even to fail to open (FTO) in the presence of excess process pressure. This paper expands on the previous findings to show how seat width relates statistically to whether or not these SS adhesions form and, if they do, whether or not they are of sufficient size to cause FPT or FTO.
The findings show it is statistically significant that SOPRV in the study population with seat widths greater than 0.030 inches (in.) formed adhesions more often than SOPRV with seat widths less than or equal to 0.030 in. Furthermore, for this population it is statistically significant that all FPT and FTO occurred on SOPRV with seat widths greater than or equal to 0.030 in. The ramifications of these findings to the safety performance of SS trim SOPRV are discussed.