The use of a flange joint is a popular method to close the end of pipes or connect pipes in manufacturing industries. As the pipes are often subjected to vibrations and cyclic bending, fatigue cracking may occur at the welded part between the pipe and flange. It is therefore important to detect and monitor the cracking in this part to ensure safety of the whole piping system. The direct-current potential difference method (DC-PDM) is known as a suitable non-destructive technique to monitor the initiation and growth of cracks and it has been applied to cracks and wall thinning on the inner surface of pipes. In this study, finite element analyses were carried out to clarify the relationship between the size and location of cracks at the pipe-flange welded part and the potential difference. An evaluation method of circumferential crack length angle by DC-PDM was proposed.

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