The main purpose of the present paper is to compare between the fracture toughness based on linear elastic fracture mechanics (GIC), and that based on nonlinear fracture mechanics (JIC). The material of the investigated pipe is a high-density polyethylene (HDPE), which is commonly used in natural gas piping systems. The welds at the pipe junction are produced by butt-fusion (BF), welding. Curved three-point bend (CTPB), fracture specimens are used. The crosshead speed ranged from 5 to 500 mm/min and specimen thickness ranged from 9 to 45mm for both welded and unwelded specimens at room temperature Ta, equal 23°C. The study reveals that the crosshead speed has a significant effect on the fracture toughness of both welded and unwelded specimens. The results of GIC for different specimen thickness and crosshead speed found previously by the authors [1] have been compared with JIC under the same operating conditions [2]. The comparison between welded and unwelded specimens revealed that in the welded specimens there is a marginal difference between fracture toughness measured using linear elastic fracture mechanics LEFM and elastic plastic fracture mechanics EPFM, for both crosshead speeds.

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