The prediction of leakage is one of the most challenging tasks when designing bolted flanged connections and valves. Failure of these pressure vessel components can cause shutdowns but also accidents, loss of revenue and environmental damages. With the strict regulations on fugitive emissions and environmental protection laws new tightness-based standards and design methods are being adopted to improve the sealing performance of bolted joints and valves. However, there is a practical interest in using a reliable correlation that could predict leak rates of one fluid on the basis of tests carried out with another on compressed packings. The paper presents an innovative approach to accurately predict and correlate leak rates in porous braided packing rings. The approach is based onDarcy-Klinkenberg to which a modified effective diffusion term is added to the equation. Experimental measured gas flow rates were performed on a setof graphite based compression packing rings with a large range of leak rates under isothermal steady conditions. Leakage from three different gases namely Helium, Nitrogen and Argon were used to validate the developed correlation. In the presence of the statistical properties of porous packings, the leak rates for different gases can be predicted with reasonable accuracy.
Prediction of Leak Rates in Porous Braided Packing Rings
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Kazeminia, M, & Bouzid, A. "Prediction of Leak Rates in Porous Braided Packing Rings." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 2: Computer Technology and Bolted Joints. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. July 19–23, 2015. V002T02A015. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2015-45241
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