Within the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) the Section XI Working Group on Flaw Evaluation (WGFE) is currently working to develop a revision to Code Case N-830. This revision incorporates a complete and self-consistent suite of models that describe completely the temperature dependence, scatter, and interdependencies between all the fracture metrics (i.e., KJc, KIa, JIc, J0.1, and J-R) from the lower shelf through the upper shelf. A paper presented at the 2014 ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference described most of these models; a companion paper at this conference describes the J-R model. This paper also supports the WGFE effort by performing an assessment of the appropriateness of Wallin’s Master Curve model to represent toughness data on the lower shelf, and by comparing the Master Curve with the current Code KIc curve on the lower shelf.
The work presented in this paper supports the following conclusions:
1. The Master Curve provides a reasonable representation of cleavage fracture toughness (KJc) data at lower shelf temperatures. A statistical evaluation of a large database demonstrates that the Master Curve works well to temperatures approximately 140 °C below To or, equivalently, approximately 160 °C below RTTo.
2. The percentile of cleavage fracture toughness data falling below a KIc curve indexed to RTTo varies considerably with temperature. At lower shelf temperatures as much as half of the data lie below the KIc curve, while at temperatures close to RTTo this percentage falls to approximately ≈ 1.5%. The current guidance of Nonmandatory Appendix A to Section XI to use structural factors of √10 or √2 is one means of addressing this inconsistency.
3. The inconsistent degree to which the KIc curve, with or without structural factors, bounds fracture toughness data cannot be fixed within the current Code framework for two reasons: the KIc curve does not reflect the actual temperature dependence shown by the fracture toughness of ferritic RPV steels, and the ratio of a mean or median toughness curve to a fixed percentile bound is not a constant value. It is for these reasons that in the next revision of Code Case N-830 the ASME WGFE is moving away from use of the KIc curve coupled with structural factors and, instead, is adopting models of fracture toughness that represent both the temperature trends and the scatter in the data with high accuracy.