According to the seismic risk assessment results presented in the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) for a nuclear power plant in Taiwan, the failure of Residual Heat Removal (RHR) piping system occurs in both of the two accident sequences with the highest contributions for core damage. The seismic performance of RHR piping system depends on the capacity of its components, such as supports, flanged joints and reducers. For the need of seismic response-history analysis of RHR piping systems, we developed detailed numerical models of flanged joint and reducer using finite element analysis software (ABAQUS and SAP2000). The proposed finite element models were verified by the experimental results. The pure bending tests with four-point cyclic loading were conducted for sample flanged joint and reducer to investigate their mechanical behaviors. The displacement and rotation responses identified from the tests are in good agreement with the results of numerical analysis. A preliminary simplified model of flanged joints was also proposed in this study to improve the efficiency of numerical analysis for RHR piping system.

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