This paper aims to provide a detailed assessment of some of the existing residual stress profiles prescribed in widely used fitness-for-service assessment codes and standards, such as BS 7910 Appendix Q, by taking advantage of some comprehensive residual studies that become available recently. After presenting a case study on which residual stress measurements are available for validating finite element based residual stress solution procedure, residual stress profiles stipulated in BS 7910 for girth welds are evaluated in the context of a series of parametric finite element results and a shell theory based full-field residual stress estimation scheme. As a result, a number of areas for improvement in residual stress profile development are identified, including some specific considerations on how to attain some of these improvements.

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